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ISBN: 9780073382722 / 0073382728
Division: Higher Education
Pub Date: JUN-08
Pages: 576

Copyright: 2009
Edition: 7
Format: Hardback
   
Health Psychology

Shelley Taylor


_______________________________________________________________________________


About the book

The seventh edition of Health Psychology highlights health issues that face the college student and his or her family through both accessible research examples and profiles of interventions. It also highlights health issues relevant to the college student's immediate and global environment with both accessible research examples and profiles of interventions. This edition contains clear descriptions on current research into the prevention, treatment, and causes (social, genetic, and biological) of health related disorders.
Key features

  • Coverage of cutting edge health issues that touch students' personal experiences.
  • Which issues in Health Psychology are most interesting to your students' How might extensive coverage of the Health Psychology issues with the most relevance to students' everyday lives increase their engagement in your course'
  • For example, extensive coverage of obesity and its treatment and eating disorders and their treatments in Chapter 4.
  • Students are engaged by issues with relevance to their everyday lives increasing their likelihood of doing well in the course (and turning in positive course evaluations).
  • Coverage of cutting edge research with thorough updating throughout the revision.
  • How do you keep your course up-to-date' How do you ensure that your course covers the latest research across the spectrum of Health Psychology'
  • Example: Coverage of psychoneuroimmunology studies in Chapter 14.
  • Instructors do not need to seek external resources to keep their courses up to date.
  • International health psychology research is incorporated, showing students the global nature of health psychology.
  • Exposes students to global diversity (and similarities), broadening their perspective. Alerts students to the health issues that face the world and what is being done to address them.
  • What impact is globalization having on your Health Psych course' How do you introduce your students to issues of international diversity'
  • International health is described in chapter 15; Chapters 13 and 14 highlight work on chronic health conditions from the UK and New Zealand among other countries.
  • The flexible organization and treatment of topics includes perspectives from all subfields of psychology (clinical, social, cognitive, etc.), reflecting the breadth of the subject and the backgrounds of those who teach it.
  • Instructors from across the spectrum of psychology will feel comfortable that the material reflects their approach.
  • Any chapter
  • How do you ensure that the range of Health Psych approaches and perspectives is addressed in your course' How do you stay abreast of developments related to Health Psych from across the range of Psych subfields'
  • Case Studies reflecting the experiences of college students open each chapter.
  • How do you ensure that students are engaged with the material in your course' How do you show students the impact of Health Psych in their lives'
  • Opening of every chapter
  • Shows the importance of health psychology to students' lives, increasing their level of commitment in the course.

  • About the author

    Shelley Taylor
    Shelley E. Taylor is Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles. She received her Ph.D. in social psychology from Yale University. After a visiting professorship at Yale and assistant and associate professorships at Harvard University, she joined the faculty of UCLA in 1979. Her research interests are in health psychology, especially the factors that promote long-term psychological adjustment, and in social cognition. In the former capacity, she is the codirector of the Health Psychology program at UCLA. Professor Taylor is the recipient of a number of awards, most notably the American Psychological Association's Distinguished Scientific Contribution to Psychology Award, a 10-year Research Scientist Development Award from the National Institute of Mental Health, and an Outstanding Scientific Contribution Award in Health Psychology. She is the author of more than 200 publications in journals and books and is also the author of Social Cognition, Positive Illusions, and The Tending Instinct.



    Table of contents


    PART ONE - INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
    CHAPTER 1 -What Is Health Psychology'
    Definition of Health Psychology
    Why Do We Need Health Psychology'
    The Mind-Body Relationship: A Brief History
    Psychoanalytic Contributions
    Psychosomatic Medicine
    The Biopsychosocial Model in Health Psychology
    The Biopsychosocial Model Versus the Biomedical Model
    Advantages of the Biopsychosocial Model
    Clinical Implications of the Biopsychosocial Model
    The Biopsychosocial Model: The Case History of Nightmare Deaths
    Why Is the Field of Health Psychology Needed'
    Changing Patterns of Illness
    Advances in Technology and Research
    Expanded Health Care Services
    Increased Medical Acceptance
    Demonstrated Contributions to Health
    Methodological Contributions
    What Is Health Psychology Training For'
    Careers in Practice
    Careers in Research
    CHAPTER 2 - The Systems of the Body
    The Nervous System
    Overview
    The Brain
    The Role of Neurotransmitters
    Disorders of the Nervous System
    The Endocrine System
    Overview
    The Adrenal Glands
    Disorders Involving the Endocrine System
    The Cardiovascular System
    Overview
    The Heart
    Disorders of the Cardiovascular System
    Blood Pressure
    The Blood
    The Respiratory System
    The Structure and Functions of the Respiratory System
    Disorders of the Respiratory System
    Conclusion
    The Digestive System and the Metabolism of Food
    Overview
    The Functioning of the Digestive System
    Disorders of the Digestive System
    The Renal System
    Overview
    Disorders of the Renal System
    The Reproductive System and an Introduction to Genetics
    The Ovaries and Testes
    Fertilization and Gestation
    Disorders of the Reproductive System
    Genetics and Health
    The Immune System
    Infection
    The Course of Infection
    Immunity
    Disorders Related to the Immune System
    PART TWO - HEALTH BEHAVIOR AND PRIMARY PREVENTION
    CHAPTER 3 - Health Behaviors
    Health Promotion: An Overview
    An Introduction to Health Behaviors
    Role of Behavioral Factors in Disease and Disorder
    What Are Health Behaviors'
    Practicing and Changing Health Behaviors: An Overview
    Barriers to Modifying Poor Health Behaviors
    Intervening with Children and Adolescents
    Interventions with At-Risk People
    Health Promotion and the Elderly
    Ethnic and Gender Differences in Health Risks and Habits
    Changing Health Habits
    Attitude Change and Health Behavior
    The Health Belief Model
    The Theory of Planned Behavior
    Attitudes and Changing Health Behaviors: Some Caveats
    Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches to Health Behavior Change
    Self-monitoring
    Classical Conditioning
    Operant Conditioning
    Modeling
    Stimulus Control
    The Self-control of Behavior
    Broad-Spectrum Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
    Relapse
    Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change
    Stages of Change
    Importance of the Stage Model of Change
    Using the Stage Model of Change
    Changing Health Behaviors Through Social Engineering
    Venues for Health-Habit Modification
    The Private Therapist's Office
    The Health Practitioner's Office
    The Family
    Managed Care Facilities
    Self-help Groups
    Schools
    Work-Site Interventions
    Community-Based Interventions
    The Mass Media
    The Internet
    Conclusions
    CHAPTER 4 - Specific Health Related Behaviors
    Exercise
    Benefits of Exercise
    Determinants of Regular Exercise
    Characteristics of Interventions
    Accident Prevention
    Home and Workplace Accidents
    Motorcycle and Automobile Accidents
    Cancer-Related Health Behaviors
    Breast Self-examination
    Mammograms
    Testicular Self-examination
    Colorectal Cancer Screening
    Sun Safety Practices
    Developing a Healthy Diet
    Why Is Diet Important'
    Resistance to Modifying Diet
    Interventions to Modify Diet
    Weight Control and Obesity
    The Regulation of Eating
    Why Obesity Is a Health Risk
    Obesity in Childhood
    Obesity in Older Age
    Factors Associated with Obesity
    Stress and Eating
    Treatment of Obesity
    Where Are Weight-Loss Programs Implemented'
    Evaluation of Cognitive-Behavioral Weight-Loss Techniques
    Taking a Public Health Approach
    Eating Disorders
    Anorexia Nervosa
    Bulimia
    Sleep
    What Is Sleep'
    Sleep and Health
    Apnea
    Rest, Renewal, Savoring
    CHAPTER 5 - Health-Compromising Behaviors: Alcoholism and Smoking
    Characteristics of Health-Compromising Behaviors
    What Is Substance Dependence'
    Alcoholism and Problem Drinking
    Scope of the Problem
    What Are Alcoholism and Problem Drinking'
    Origins of Alcoholism and Problem Drinking
    Treatment of Alcohol Abuse
    Treatment Programs
    Evaluation of Alcohol Treatment Programs
    Can Recovered Alcoholics Ever Drink Again'
    Preventive Approaches to Alcohol Abuse
    Drinking and Driving
    Is Modest Alcohol Consumption a Health Behavior'
    Smoking
    Synergistic Effects of Smoking
    A Brief History of the Smoking Problem
    Why Do People Smoke'
    Interventions to Reduce Smoking
    Brief Interventions
    Smoking Prevention
    Evaluation of Social Influence Programs
    Social Engineering and Smoking
    PART THREE - STRESS AND COPING
    CHAPTER 6 - Stress
    What Is Stress'
    What Is a Stressor'
    Person-Environment Fit
    Theoretical Contributions to the Study of Stress
    Fight-or-Flight
    Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
    Tend-and-Befriend
    Psychological Appraisal and the Experience of Stress
    The Physiology of Stress
    What Makes Events Stressful'
    Assessing Stress
    Dimensions of Stressful Events
    Must Stress Be Perceived as Such to Be Stressful'
    Can People Adapt to Stress'
    Must a Stressor Be Ongoing to Be Stressful'
    How Stress Has Been Studied
    Studying Stress in the Laboratory
    Inducing Disease
    Stressful Life Events
    Daily Stress
    Sources of Chronic Stress
    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    Long-Term Effects of Early Stressful Life Experiences
    Chronic Stressful Conditions
    Chronic Stress and Health
    Stress in the Workplace
    Some Solutions to Workplace Stressors
    Combining Work and Family Roles
    CHAPTER 7 - Moderators of the Stress Experience
    Coping with Stress
    Personality and Coping
    Coping Resources
    Additional Coping Resources
    Coping Style
    Problem-Focused Versus Emotion-Focused Coping
    Specific Coping Strategies
    Coping and External Resources
    Sources of Resilience
    Coping Outcomes
    Social Support
    What Is Social Support'
    Effect of Social Support on Psychological Distress
    Effects of Social Support on Physiological and Neuroendocrine Responses to Stress
    Effect of Social Support on Illness and Health Habits
    Biopsychosocial Pathways
    Moderation of Stress by Social Support
    What Kinds of Support Are Most Effective'
    Effects of Stress on Support Providers
    Enhancing Social Support
    Coping Interventions
    Mindfulness Training
    Disclosure and Coping
    Coping Effectiveness Training
    Stress Management
    Basic Techniques of Stress Management
    A Stress Management Program
    Relaxation Training and Stress Management
    Supplementary Stress Management Skills
    PART FOUR - THE PATIENT IN THE TREATMENT SETTING
    CHAPTER 8 - Using Health Services
    Recognition and Interpretation of Symptoms
    Recognition of a Symptom
    Interpretation of Symptoms
    Cognitive Representations of Illness
    Lay Referral Network
    Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    The Internet
    Who Uses Health Services'
    Age
    Gender
    Social Class and Culture
    Social Psychological Factors
    Misusing Health Services
    Using Health Services for Emotional Disturbances
    Delay Behavior
    CHAPTER 9 - Patient-Provider Relations
    What Is a Health Care Provider'
    Nurses as Providers
    Physicians' Assistants as Providers
    Nature of Patient-Provider Communication
    Judging Quality of Care
    Patient Consumerism
    Setting
    Structure of the Health Care Delivery System
    Patient Dissatisfaction in Managed Care
    Changes in the Philosophy of Health Care Delivery
    Holistic Health Movement and Health Care
    Provider Behaviors That Contribute to Faulty Communication
    Patients' Contributions to Faulty Communication
    Interactive Aspects of the Communication Problem
    Results of Poor Patient-Provider Communication
    Nonadherence to Treatment Regimens
    Causes of Adherence
    Patient-Provider Communication and Malpractice Litigation
    Improving Patient-Provider Communication and Reducing Nonadherence
    Teaching Providers How to Communicate
    Reducing Nonadherence
    The Patient in the Hospital Setting
    Structure of the Hospital
    Functioning of the Hospital
    Recent Changes in Hospitalization
    Impact of Hospitalization on the Patient
    Interventions to Increase Information in Hospital Settings
    The Hospitalized Child
    Anxiety
    Preparing Children for Medical Interventions
    CHAPTER 10 - The Management of Pain and Discomfort
    Significance of Pain
    Elusive Nature of Pain
    Measuring Pain
    Physiology of Pain
    Neurochemical Bases of Pain and Its Inhibition
    Clinical Issues in Pain Management
    Acute and Chronic Pain
    Pain and Personality
    Pain and Stereotyped Responses to Stress
    Pain Control Techniques
    Pharmacological Control of Pain
    Surgical Control of Pain
    Sensory Control of Pain
    Biofeedback
    Relaxation Techniques
    Hypnosis
    Acupuncture
    Distraction
    Coping Techniques
    Guided Imagery
    Additional Cognitive Techniques to Control Pain
    Management of Chronic Pain: Pain Management Programs
    Initial Evaluation
    Individualized Treatment
    Components of Chronic Pain Management Programs
    Involvement of Family
    Relapse Prevention
    Evaluation of Pain Management Programs
    Placebo as a Healer
    Historical Perspective
    What Is a Placebo'
    Provider Behavior and Placebo Effects
    Patient Characteristics and Placebo Effects
    Patient-Provider Communication and Placebo Effects
    Situational Determinants of Placebo Effects
    Social Norms and Placebo Effects
    Generalizability of Placebo Effects
    Placebo as a Methodological Tool
    PART FIVE - MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC AND TERMINAL ILLNESS
    CHAPTER 11 - Management of Chronic Illness
    Quality of Life
    What Is Quality of Life'
    Why Study Quality of Life'
    Emotional Responses to Chronic Illness
    Denial
    Anxiety
    Depression
    Personal Issues in Chronic Disease
    The Physical Self
    The Achieving Self
    The Social Self
    The Private Self
    Coping with Chronic Illness
    Coping Strategies and Chronic Illness
    Patients' Beliefs About Chronic Illness
    Co-Management of Chronic Illness
    Physical Problems Associated with Chronic Illness
    Vocational Issues in Chronic Illness
    Social Interaction Problems in Chronic Illness
    Positive Changes in Response to Chronic Illness
    When the Chronically Ill Patient Is a Child
    Psychological Interventions and Chronic Illness
    Pharmacological Interventions
    Individual Therapy
    Brief Psychotherapeutic Interventions
    Patient Education
    Relaxation, Stress Management, and Exercise
    Social Support Interventions
    Family Support
    Support Groups
    CHAPTER 12 - Psychological Issues in Advancing and Terminal Illness
    Death Across the Life Span
    Death in Infancy or Childhood
    Death in Young Adulthood
    Death in Middle Age
    Death in Old Age
    Psychological Issues in Advancing Illness
    Continued Treatment and Advancing Illness
    Psychological and Social Issues Related to Dying
    The Issue of Nontraditional Treatment
    Are There Stages in Adjustment to Dying'
    Kubler-Ross's Five-Stage Theory
    Evaluation of Kubler-Ross's Theory
    Psychological Management of the Terminally Ill
    Medical Staff and the Terminally Ill Patient
    Individual Counseling with the Terminally Ill
    Family Therapy with the Terminally Ill
    The Management of Terminal Illness in Children
    Alternatives to Hospital Care for the Terminally Ill
    Hospice Care
    Home Care
    Problems of Survivors
    The Adult Survivor
    The Child Survivor
    Death Education
    CHAPTER 13 - Heart Disease, Hypertension, Stroke, and Diabetes
    Coronary Heart Disease
    What Is CHD'
    Role of Stress
    Women and CHD
    Cardiovascular Reactivity, Personality, and CHD
    Depression and CHD
    Other Psychosocial Risk Factors and CHD
    Modification of CHD Risk-Related Behavior
    Management of Heart Disease
    Hypertension
    How Is Hypertension Measured'
    What Causes Hypertension'
    Relationship Between Stress and Hypertension
    Psychosocial Factors and Hypertension
    Treatment of Hypertension
    Problems in Treating Hypertension
    Stroke
    Risk Factors for Stroke
    Consequences of Stroke
    Types of Rehabilitative Interventions
    Diabetes
    Types of Diabetes
    Health Implications of Diabetes
    Problems in Self-management of Diabetes
    Interventions with Diabetics
    Special Problems of Adolescent Diabetics
    CHAPTER 14 - Psychoneuroimmunology, AIDS, Cancer, and Arthritis
    Psychoneuroimmunology
    The Immune System
    Assessing Immune Functioning
    Stress and Immune Functioning
    Negative Affect and Immune Functioning
    Stress, Immune Functioning, and Interpersonal Relationships
    Coping and Coping Resources as Moderators of the Stress'Immune Functioning Relationship
    Interventions to Enhance Immunocompetence
    Stress and the Developing Immune System
    AIDS
    A Brief History of AIDS
    AIDS in the United States
    Psychosocial Impact of HIV Infection
    Interventions to Reduce the Spread of AIDS
    Coping with HIV+ Status and AIDS
    Psychosocial Factors That Affect the Course of AIDS
    Cancer
    Why Is Cancer Hard to Study'
    Who Gets Cancer' A Complex Profile
    Psychosocial Factors and Cancer
    Psychosocial Factors and the Course of Cancer
    Mechanisms Linking Stress, Coping, and Cancer
    Adjusting to Cancer
    Psychosocial Issues and Cancer
    Coping with Cancer
    Interventions
    Arthritis
    Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Osteoarthritis
    Other Form of Arthritis
    PART SIX - TOWARD THE FUTURE
    CHAPTER 15 - Health Psychology: Challenges for the Future
    Health Promotion
    Focus on Those at Risk
    Prevention
    Focus on the Elderly
    Refocusing Health Promotion Efforts
    Promoting Resilience
    Promotion as a Part of Medical Practice
    SES and Health Disparities
    Gender and Health
    Stress and Its Management
    Where Is Stress Research Headed'
    Health Services
    Building Better Consumers
    Containing Costs of Health Care
    Management of Serious Illness
    Quality-of-Life Assessment
    Pain Management
    Terminal Care
    The Aging of the Population
    Trends for the Future
    The Changing Nature of Medical Practice
    Systematic Documentation of Treatment Effectiveness
    Systematic Documentation of Cost Effectiveness
    International Health
    Becoming a Health Psychologist
    Undergraduate Experience
    Graduate Experience
    Postgraduate Work
    Employment
    GLOSSARY
    REFERENCES
    CREDITS
    NAME INDEX
    SUBJECT INDEX

     

     

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