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Book details
ISBN: 9780078035203 / 0078035201
Division: Higher Education
Pub Date: OCT-11
Pages: 800

Copyright: 2012
Edition: 2
Format: Hardback
   
Psychology: Perspectives & Connections

Gregory Feist, Erika Rosenberg


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About the book

In psychology, not everything is black and white. Psychology: Perspectives & Connections 2e dares students to challenge their own assumptions, explore research and to not believe everything they think. The over-riding goal of Psychology: Perspectives & Connections 2e is to align what excites us as researchers and perpetual students of psychology with today's introductory psychology student. Feist and Rosenberg's aim is to help students understand that psychology, and much of the world around them, is more fascinating'and likely more intricate and interdependent-- than they think. It's not just black and white. And, with Connect Psychology and its adaptive learning system, students can better understand what they know and master what they don't know. Connect with science. Connect with students. Connect with Feist and Rosenberg's Psychology 2e.
Key features

  • An adaptive learning system (LearnSmart) ensures students understand the key concepts in the chapter. Whether they use this dynamic resource before or after class (or doing the reading), your students will read more and more effectively.
  • PsychInteractive. Within Connect Psychology, PsychInteractive allows students the opportunity to experience the scientific method as they learn to observe data, formulate and test a hypothesis, communicate their findings, and apply their understanding of psychology to the world.
  • Connecting psychologists and their scientific discoveries. 'Breaking New Ground' sections in each chapter highlight breakthrough discoveries that have fundamentally altered the field of psychology.
  • Powered by McGraw-Hill's Connect, Newsflash exercises tie current news stories to key psychological principles and learning objectives. After interacting with a contemporary news story, students are assessed on their ability to make the connection between real life and research findings.
  • Research to Real Life: Don't Believe Everything You Think takes a key concept and asks students to think about it in context of their own lives, sparking a connection and deeper engagement with the content.
  • Social Media research thread running throughout Perspectives and Connections 2e.
  • Concept Clips. Created by a team of instructional designers, 'Concept Clips' help students comprehend some of the most difficult concepts in Introductory Psychology. By using colorful graphics and stimulating animations, Concept Clips break down core concepts in a step-by-step manner, engaging students and aiding in retention. They can be used in the classroom as PowerPoint and also appear as assessments in Connect Psychology.
  • In the narrative and in Psychology in the Real World in each chapter, the authors consistently demonstrate the ways that psychology impacts students' everyday lives. For example, social media impacts our lives every day. 2e provides a discussion of cutting-edge studies exploring the effects these technologies are having on our thoughts, experiences, and real world interactions
  • Research Process figures in each chapter. These visually rich presentations of real research studies underscore psychology's scientific foundation. Appearing in Chapters 3 through 16, these demystify research by providing a step-by-step, visual approach to the scientific method. Students are presented with the basic structure of a contemporary study, walking through the 'story' of how the research was conducted.
  • Students come into the Intro Psychology course lacking conceptual understanding and critical thinking skills. Their view is often times very black and white. Feist and Rosenberg explore the interplay of nature and nurture throughout the text, breaking down any preconceived misconceptions students may have about a nature OR nurture dichotomy. This is accomplished in the narrative and in recurring marginal Nature/Nurture features.
  • Connection marginal features emphasize links among subdisciplines of psychology, reminding students that psychology is an integrated discipline and not a hodgepodge of topics thrown together.
  • Biological art inserts. Recognizing that biological concepts and structures are often some of the more difficult aspects for Introductory Psychology students to master, Feist and Rosenberg include transparency inserts in the text to foster better understanding of this material.
  • Correlation Guide:

    www.mhhe.com/mhcp/CorrelationGuides/TS_Psychological_Issues_17e.pdf

    This convenient guide matches the issues in Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Psychological Issues, 17/e with the corresponding chapters in three of our best-selling McGraw-Hill Psychology textbooks by Feldman, Lahey, and Feist/Rosenberg.

  • Correlation Guide:

    www.mhhe.com/mhcp/CorrelationGuides/AE_Psychology_1213.pdf

    This convenient guide matches the units in Annual Editions: Psychology 12/13 with the corresponding chapters in three of our best-selling McGraw-Hill Psychology textbooks by Feldman, Lahey, and Feist/Rosenberg.

  • Through thousands of hours of research with you and your students, we have identified some consistent trends that are nearly universal. At the top of the list, clearly time is at a premium as faculty are stretched thinner and asked to do more with less. Connect Psychology is ideal for this environment as its flexibility allows instructors to use as little or as much (or none) of the digital component as they choose. Turnkey course setups are available almost immediately, or the course can be customized at virtually any level of granularity. This makes Connect Psychology perfect for face-to-face, online, or hybrid course delivery.
  • Making Connections sections at the conclusion of each chapter reiterate the major ideas in the chapter and show how they can be applied to a common problem.

  • About the author

    Gregory Feist
    Gregory J. Feist has taught at San Jose State University in California. He received his Ph.D. in Personality Psychology from the University of California - Berkeley and is Undergraduate degree from the University of Massachusetts - Amherst. He is widely published in personality and creativity, scientific eminence, and the psychology of science. His research in creativitiy has been recognized by receipt of an Erly Career Award from Division for Psychology and the Arts (Division 10) of the American Psychological Association. He is also on the Editorial Board of Review of General Psychology.



    Table of contents

    Psychology: Making Connections
    Preface
    Foreword by Paul Ekman
    1 Introduction to Psychology
    What Is Psychology'
    Psychology Defined
    Why Should You Study Psychology'
    Psychology in the Real World: Intro to Psychology in My Everyday Life
    Subdisciplines of Psychology
    The Origins of Psychology
    A Brief History of the Practice of Clinical Psychology
    A Brief History of Scientific Psychology
    Ways of Thinking About Mind, Body, and Experience
    The Nature-Nurture Debate

    Mind-Body Dualism
    The Evolution of Human Behavior
    Connections in Psychology
    Bringing it All Together: Making Connections in Psychology: Studying Electronic
    Social Interactions
    Chapter Review

    2 Conducting Research in Psychology
    The Nature of Science
    Common Sense and Logic
    The Limits of Observation
    What Is Science'
    The Scientific Method
    Research Process: The Scientific Method
    What Science Is Not: Pseudoscience
    Research Methods in Psychology
    Principles of Research Design
    Descriptive Studies
    Correlational Studies
    Experimental Studies
    Connecting Psychologists with their Discoveries:
    Robert Rosenthal and Experimenter Bias
    Meta-analysis
    Commonly Used Measures of Psychological Research
    Self-Report Measures
    Behavioral Measures
    Physiological Measures
    Multiple Measurement
    Making Sense of Data with Statistics
    Descriptive Statistics
    Inferential Statistics
    Psychology in the Real World: Beware of Statistics in Advertising
    Research Ethics
    Ethical Research with Humans
    Ethical Research with Animals
    Bringing it All Together: Making Connections in Psychological Research
    Chapter Review

    3 the Biology of Behavior
    Genes and Behavior
    The Complex Connection between Genes and Behavior
    Polygenic Influence on Behavior
    Genes and the Environment
    Epigenetics: How the Environment Changes Gene Expression
    The Nervous System
    Organization of the Nervous System
    The Cells of the Nervous System: Glial Cells and Neurons
    Common Neurotransmitters
    Summary of the Steps in Neural Transmission
    The Brain
    Evolution of the Human Brain
    Overview of Brain Regions
    Psychology in the Real World: Brain-Computer and Brain-Marchine Interfaces
    Brain Plasticity and Neurogenesis
    connecting Psychologists to Their Discoveries: Neurogenesis in the Adult Brain
    Measuring the Brain
    Electroencephalography
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Functional MRI (fMRI)
    Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
    The Endocrine System
    Bringing it All Together:Making Connections in the Biology of Behavior What Esref Armagan's Story Reveals About the Brain
    Chapter Review

    4 Sensing and Perceiving our world
    The Long Strange Trip from Sensation to Perception
    Basic Sensory Processes
    Principles of Perception
    Vision
    Sensing Visual Stimuli
    Connecting Psychologists to Their Discoveries: Discovery of the "Halle Berry" Neuron
    Perceiving Visual Stimuli
    Hearing
    The Physics of Sound and the Psychology of Hearing
    The Ear
    Hearing in the Brain
    Psychology in the Real World: Hearing Loss in the Age of the iPod
    The Bodily Senses
    Touch
    Pain
    The Chemical Senses: Smell and Taste
    Smell (Olfaction)
    Taste
    Synesthesia
    Bringing it All Together: Making Connections in Sensation and Perception Differences Across Cultures
    Research Process: How Culture Affects Perception of Foreground'Background
    Chapter Review

    5 Human Development
    The Developing Fetus
    Stages of Prenatal Development
    Brain and Sensory Development Before Birth
    Environmental Infl uences on Fetal Development
    The Developing Infant and Child
    Physical Development in Infancy and Childhood
    Personality Development in Infancy
    Psychology in the Real World: Musical Training Changes the Brain
    Early Cognitive Development
    Development of Moral Reasoning
    Early Socioemotional Development
    The Developing Adolescent
    Physical Development in Adolescence
    Cognitive and Brain Development
    Social Development in Adolescence
    The Developing Adult
    Early Adulthood
    Middle Adulthood
    Death and Dying
    Bringing it All Together: Making Connections in Development
    Chapter Review

    6 Consciousness
    What Is Consciousness'
    Two Dimensions of Consciousness: Wakefulness and Awareness
    Minimal Consciousness
    Moderate Consciousness
    Full Consciousness
    Attention: Focusing Consciousness
    Selective Attention
    Psychology in the Real World: Hazards of Cell Phone Use or Texting While Driving
    Sustained Attention
    Multi-tasking: The Implications of Shifting Attention
    Meditation and Conscious Experience
    Meditation Training and the Brain
    Research Process: How Concentration Meditation Affects Attention
    Sleeping and Dreaming
    Sleeping
    Connecting Psychologists to Their Discoveries: The Discovery of REM Sleep
    Dreaming
    Hypnosis
    Altering Consciousness with Drugs
    Depressants
    Stimulants
    Hallucinogens
    Bringing It All Together: Making Connections in Consciousness Brain injury Revisited
    Chapter Review

    7 Memory
    Three Types of Memory
    Research Process: To Come
    Sensory Memory
    Short-Term or Working Memory
    Long-Term Memory
    The Biological Basis of Memory
    The Sensory Cortexes
    Pathways of Short-Term Memory in the Hippocampus and Prefrontal Cortex
    Long-Term Memory Storage in the Cortex
    Emotion, Memory, and the Brain
    Connecting Psychologists to Their Discoveries Kande's Discoveries of Memory and the Brain
    Psychology in the Real World: Memory in a Pill
    Forgetting and Memory Loss
    Memory Loss Caused by Brain Injury and Disease
    Bringing it All Together: Making Connections in Memory How to Study
    Chapter Review

    8 Learning
    Basic Processes of Learning
    Habituation and the Orienting Response
    Association
    Conditioning Models of Learning
    Classical Conditioning
    Operant Conditioning
    Psychology in the Real World: Treating Autism with Applied Behavior Analysis
    Challenges to Conditioning Models of Learning
    Breaking New Ground Conditioned Taste Aversion
    Social Learning Theory
    The Interaction of Nature and Nurture in Learning
    Imprinting
    Imitation, Mirror Neurons, and Learning
    Research Process: The Discovery of Mirror Neurons
    Synaptic Change During Learning
    Experience, Enrichment, and Brain Growth
    Making Connections in Learning Why Do People Smoke'
    Chapter Review

    9 Language and Thought
    Language
    The Nature of Language
    The Evolution of Language in Humans
    Language Development in Individuals
    Theories of Language Acquisition
    Can Other Species Learn Human Language'
    Language, Culture, and Thought
    Research Process: Language and Color Discrimination
    Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision Making
    How Do We Represent Thoughts in Our Minds'
    How Do We Reason About Evidence'
    Critical Thinking
    Psychology in the Real World: Applying Critical Thinking Beyond the Classroom
    How Do We Make Judgments and Decisions'
    Connecting Psychologists to Their Discoveries: Nonrational Decision Making
    Bringing it All Together: Making Connections in Language and Thought Learning a Second Language
    Chapter Review

    10 Intelligence, Problem Solving, and Creativity
    Intelligence
    Defining Intelligence
    Theories of Intelligence
    Measures of Intelligence
    Psychology in the Real World: Bringing Multiple Intelligences to School
    Breaking New Ground Changing Intelligence Tests
    Extremes of Intelligence
    The Nature and Nurture of Human Intelligence
    Group Differences in Intelligence Scores
    Non-Western Views of Intelligence
    Problem Solving
    Types of Problems
    Solution Strategies
    Research Process: Group Versus Individual Solutions to the Jar Problem
    Obstacles to Solutions
    Creativity
    What Is Creativity'
    Stages of Creative Problem Solving
    Genius, Intelligence, and Creativity
    Creativity and the Brain
    Cognitive Processes in Creative Thinking
    The Creative Personality
    Making Connections in Intelligence, Problem Solving, and Creativity Whiz Kids in Science
    Chapter Review

    11 Motivation and Emotion
    Motivation
    Models of Motivation
    Hunger: Survival of the Individual
    Psychology in the Real World: Why Dieting Does Not Work
    Sex: Survival of the Species
    Research Process: Gender and Casual Sex
    The Needs to Belong and to Excel
    Motivation in the Workplace
    Emotion
    Defining Emotion
    Emotion as a Process
    Emotion and the Brain
    How Culture Impacts Emotion Expression
    Gender and Emotion
    Emotional intelligence
    Bringing It All Together: Making Connections in Motivation and Emotion Living a Satisfied Life
    Chapter Review

    12 Stress and Health
    What Is Stress'
    Stress As Stimulus or Response
    The Physiology of Stress
    Coping
    Coping Strategies
    The Positive Psychology of Coping
    Psychology in the Real World: Effects of Chronic Stress on Aging
    How Stress and Coping Affect Health
    Psychological Process and the Immune System connecting Psychologists to Their Discoveries: Linking the Nervous System and the Immune System
    The Birth of Psychoimmunology
    Psychological Risk Factors for Heart Disease
    research on Health-Relevant Behavior
    Research Process: Effects of Exercise on the Brain
    Making Connections in Stress and Health The Health Psychology of HIV and AIDS
    Chapter Review

    13 Personality: the uniqueness of the individual
    Defining Personality
    The Nature and Nurture of Personality
    The Evolution of Personality Traits
    Genetics and Personality
    Temperament and the Fetal Environment
    Personality and Culture: Universality and Differences
    How Do Theorists Explain Personality'
    Psychoanalytic Theories
    Humanistic-Positive Psychological Theories
    Social-Cognitive Learning Theories
    Trait Theories
    Biological Theories
    Breaking New Ground Animal Personality
    How Is Personality Measured'
    Behavioral Observation
    Interviewing
    Projective Tests
    Questionnaires
    Psychology in the Real World: Screening and Selecting Police Officers
    Making Connections in Personality Does Personality Change Over Time'
    Research Process: Personality Change After Alzheimer's Disease
    Chapter Review

    14 Social Behavior
    Group Living and Social Influence
    Conformity
    Minority Social Influence
    Obedience
    Social Perception
    Attribution
    Detecting Deception
    Schemas
    Stereotypes
    Exclusion and Inclusion
    Prejudice and Discrimination
    Breaking New Ground The Study of Implicit Bias
    Attitudes and Behavior
    The Nature and Nurture of Attitudes
    Attitude Change
    Social Relations
    The Nature and Nurture of Aggression
    Prosocial Behavior
    Psychology in the Real World: Violent Media, Violent World
    Research Process: Empathy and Pain
    Liking, Attraction, and Love
    Making Connections in Social Behavior Analysis of the Jonestown Cult
    Chapter Review

    15 Psychological Disorders
    Defining Psychological Disorders
    Anxiety Disorders
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder
    Panic Disorder with or Without Agoraphobia
    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    Social Phobia (Social Anxiety Disorder)
    Specific Phobias
    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    Psychology in the Real World: Can Internet Use Become an Addiction'
    Nature and Nurture Explanations of Anxiety Disorders
    Mood Disorders
    Depression and Its Causes
    Research Process: Gene-Environment Interaction in the Development of Depression
    Bipolar Disorder and Its Causes
    Schizophrenia
    Major Symptoms of Schizophrenia
    Subtypes of Schizophrenia
    Nature and Nurture Explanations of Schizophrenia
    Connecting Psychologists with Their Discoveries: The discovery of Dopamine
    Dissociative Disorders
    Dissociative Identity Disorder
    Causes of Dissociative Disorders
    Somatoform Disorders
    Somatization Disorder
    Hypochondriasis
    Personality Disorders
    Odd-Eccentric Personality Disorders
    Dramatic-Emotional Personality Disorders
    Anxious'Fearful Personality Disorders
    Nature and Nurture Explanations of Personality Disorders
    Childhood Disorders
    Subtypes of Childhood Disorders
    Causes of Childhood Disorders
    Bringing it All Together: Making Connections in Psychological Disorders Creativity and Mental Health
    Chapter Review

    16 Treatment of Psychological disorders
    Biological Treatments
    Drug Therapies
    Psychosurgery
    Electric and Magnetic Therapies
    Breaking New Ground Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Severe Depression
    Psychological Treatments for Psychological Disorders
    Psychodynamic Therapy
    Humanistic Therapy
    Behavioral Treatments
    Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments
    Group Therapies
    Psychology in the Real World: Preventing Depression
    Combined Approaches
    Drugs and Psychotherapy
    Integrative Therapies
    Mindfulness Training and Psychotherapy
    Effectiveness of Treatments
    Effectiveness of Biological Treatments
    Effectiveness of Psychological Treatments
    Research Process: Comparing Cognitive Therapy and Drug Therapy in Treatment of Depression
    Effectiveness of Integrative Approaches
    Making Connections in the Treatment of Psychological Disorders Approaches to the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders
    Chapter Review
    Glossary
    References
    Credits
    Name Index
    Subject Index

     

     

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