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Book details
ISBN: 9780078038242 / 0078038243
Division: Higher Education
Pub Date: DEC-11
Pages: 224

Copyright: 2012
Edition: 7
Format: Paperback
   
The Elements of Moral Philosophy

James Rachels, Stuart Rachels
(Department of Philosophy)

_______________________________________________________________________________


About the book

Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, James Rachels and Stuart Rachels' The Elements of Moral Philosophy introduces readers to major moral concepts and theories through eloquent explanations and compelling, thought-provoking discussions.
Key features

  • A Lucid, Lively Introduction to the major philosophical theories of morality, this text offers an accessible avenue for explaining ethical theory to students, while maintaining the necessary complexity of the theories and issues.
  • Features Crucial Explanations for the strengths and weakness of each theory, deepening students' comprehension.
  • Brief and Affordable, this volume is priced with students in mind. Streamlined content and organization makes the book shorter and more accessible, while at the same time expanding the range and depth of the topics covered.
  • Updated content includes added detail to the claim that our concept of death has changed over the last fifty years (Chapter 1), expanded discussions of monogamy (Chapter 2) and homosexuality (Chapter 3), an explanation of why the debate between Retributivists and Utilitarians may hinge on the free will debate (Chapter 10), and a reworked subsection on honesty (Chapter 12).
  • To better reflect theory, Chapter 6 has been renamed “The Social Contract Theory” and Chapter 12 is now called “Virtue Ethics.”
  • The account of Classical Utilitarianism (Chapter 8) has been reformulated to explain “equal consideration” and the chapter goes on to charge that Utilitarianism would support “the tyranny of the majority” in the trampling of individual rights.
  • Correlation Guide:

    www.mhhe.com/mhcp/CorrelationGuides/TS_Moral_Issues_13eX.pdf

    This convenient guide matches the issues in Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Moral Issues, 13/e, Expanded with the corresponding chapters in three of our best-selling McGraw-Hill Environmental Philosophy textbooks by Bonevac, Rosenstand, and Rachels/Rachels.

  • Correlation Guide:

    www.mhhe.com/mhcp/CorrelationGuides/TS_Moral_Issues_14e.pdf

    This convenient guide matches the issues in Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Moral Issues, 14/e with the corresponding chapters in two of our best-selling McGraw-Hill Philosophy textbooks by Rachels/Rachels, and Rosenstand.

  • About the author

    James Rachels
    James Rachels, the distinguished American moral philosopher, was born in Columbus, Georgia, graduating from Mercer University in Macon in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in 1967 from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He taught at the University of Richmond, New York University, the University of Miami, Duke University, and the University of Alabama at Birmingham, where he spent the last twenty-six years of his career. 1971 saw the publication of Rachels’ groundbreaking textbook Moral Problems, which ignited the movement in America away from teaching ethical theory towards teaching concrete practical issues. Moral Problems sold 100,000 copies over three editions. In 1975, Rachels wrote “Active and Passive Euthanasia,” arguing that the distinction so important in the law between killing and letting die has no rational basis. Originally appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine, this essay has been reprinted roughly 300 times and is a staple of undergraduate education. The End of Life (1986) was about the morality of killing and the value of life. Created from Animals (1990) argued that a Darwinian world-view has widespread philosophical implications, including drastic implications for our treatment of nonhuman animals. Can Ethics Provide Answers' (1997) was Rachels’ first collection of papers (others are expected posthumously). Rachels’ McGraw-Hill textbook, The Elements of Moral Philosophy, is now in its fourth edition and is easily the best-selling book of its kind. Over his career, Rachels wrote 5 books and 85 essays, edited 7 books and gave about 275 professional lectures. His work has been translated into Dutch, Italian, Japanese, and Serbo-Croatian. James Rachels is widely admired as a stylist, as his prose is remarkably free of jargon and clutter. A major theme in his work is that reason can resolve difficult moral issues. He has given reasons for moral vegetarianism and animal rights, for affirmative action (including quotas), for the humanitarian use of euthanasia, and for the idea that parents owe as much moral consideration to other people’s children as they do to their own. James Rachels died of cancer on September 5th, 2003, in Birmingham, Alabama.


    Stuart Rachels
    STUART RACHELS is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Alabama. He has revised several of James Rachels’ books, including Problems from Philosophy (second edition, 2009) and The Right Thing to Do (fifth edition, 2010), which is the companion anthology to this book. Stuart won the United States Chess Championship in 1989, at the age of 20, and he is a Bronze Life Master at bridge. His website is www.jamesrachels.org/stuart.



    Table of contents


    Preface
    About the Seventh Edition
    1. WHAT IS MORALITY'
    1.1. The Problem of Definition
    1.2. First Example: Baby Theresa
    1.3. Second Example: Jodie and Mary
    1.4. Third Example: Tracy Latimer
    1.5. Reason and Impartiality
    1.6. The Minimum Conception of Morality
    2. THE CHALLENGE OF CULTURAL RELATIVISM
    2.1. Different Cultures Have Different Moral Codes
    2.2. Cultural Relativism
    2.3. The Cultural Differences Argument
    2.4. What Follows from Cultural Relativism
    2.5. Why There Is Less Disagreement Than It Seems
    2.6. Some Values are Shared by All Cultures
    2.7. Judging a Cultural Practice to Be Undesirable
    2.8. Back to the Five Claims
    2.9. What We Can Learn from Cultural Relativism
    3. SUBJECTIVISM IN ETHICS
    3.1. The Basic Idea of Ethical Subjectivism
    3.2. The Evolution of the Theory
    3.3. The First Stage: Simple Subjectivism
    3.4. The Second Stage: Emotivism
    3.5. The Role of Reason in Ethics
    3.6. Are There Proofs in Ethics'
    3.7. The Question of Homosexuality
    4. DOES MORALITY DEPEND ON RELIGION'
    4.1. The Presumed Connection between Morality and Religion
    4.2. The Divine Command Theory
    4.3. The Theory of Natural Law
    4.4. Religion and Particular Moral Issues
    5. ETHICAL EGOISM
    5.1. Is There a Duty to Help the Starving'
    5.2. Psychological Egoism
    5.3. Three Arguments for Ethical Egoism
    5.4. Three Arguments against Ethical Egoism
    6. THE SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY
    6.1. Hobbes’s Argument
    6.2. The Prisoner’s Dilemma
    6.3. Some Advantages of the Social Contract Theory
    6.4. The Problem of Civil Disobedience
    6.5. Difficulties for the Theory
    7. THE UTILITARIAN APPROACH
    7.1. The Revolution in Ethics
    7.2. First Example: Euthanasia
    7.3. Second Example: Marijuana
    7.4. Third Example: Nonhuman Animals
    8. THE DEBATE OVER UTILITARIANISM
    8.1. The Classical Version of the Theory
    8.2. Is Pleasure All That Matters'
    8.3. Are Consequences All That Matter'
    8.4. Should We Be Equally Concerned for Everyone'
    8.5. The Defense of Utilitarianism
    8.6. Concluding Thoughts
    9. ARE THERE ABSOLUTE MORAL RULES'
    9.1. Harry Truman and Elizabeth Anscombe
    9.2. The Categorical Imperative
    9.3. Kant's Arguments on Lying
    9.4. Conflicts between Rules
    9.5. Kant's Insight
    10. KANT AND RESPECT FOR PERSONS
    10.1. Kant's Core Ideas
    10.2. Retribution and Utility in the Theory of Punishment
    10.3. Kant's Retributivism
    11. FEMINISM AND THE ETHICS OF CARE
    11.1. Do Women and Men Think Differently about Ethics'
    11.2. Implications for Moral Judgment
    11.3. Implications for Ethical Theory
    12. VIRTUE ETHICS
    12.1. The Ethics of Virtue and the Ethics of Right Action
    12.2. The Virtues
    12.3. Two Advantages of Virtue Ethics
    12.4 Virtue and Conduct
    12.5. The Problem of Incompleteness
    12.6. Conclusion
    13. WHAT WOULD A SATISFACTORY MORAL THEORY BE LIKE'
    13.1. Morality without Hubris
    13.2. Treating People as They Deserve
    13.3. A Variety of Motives
    13.4. Multiple-Strategies Utilitarianism
    13.5. The Moral Community
    13.6. Justice and Fairness
    13.7. Conclusion
    Notes on Sources
    Index

     

     

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